You might think that all sowing is done when November arrives, but that’s not the case here!
Besides cleaning up your garden and protecting your crops from cold, there’s still some sowing that you can do to keep your garden vibrant and alive during the colder season.
Now, you can either do this outside or start your seeds indoors in order to extend the upcoming growing season. In this article, we are going to talk about plants that you can easily sow in November.
Don’t store your sowing equipment just yet, and join us on a journey of fall planting!
We are starting off our list with the famous lupines flowers. These plants are known for their colorful, pea-like flowers that bloom during late spring and early summer. They also produce lovely palmate leaves and offer an eye-catching display in the garden.
Lupines flowers come in different colors, including blue, pink, white, and purple. They are great for flower beds and cottage gardens. Lupines are also known for their remarkable ability to attract pollinators.
Now, you can grow these famous flowers from seeds or from cuttings. Perhaps it might be easier to grow them from cuttings as you don’t have to deal with preparing the seeds. Every lupines care guide will tell you that they can grow in both full sun and partial shade.
To keep them blooming continuously, you can deadhead them throughout their flowering period. If you want to have a colorful garden, opt for the “Russell Hybrid Mixed Colors” varieties.
2. Salad Leaves
You can pick and choose from a variety of salad leaves that can be sown in November and enjoy a bountiful harvest during the colder months. These fast-growing veggies can easily be grown in a greenhouse or on a bright windowsill indoors.
Some of them include arugula, spinach, lettuce, corn salad, mizuna, mustards, and claytonia – these are the hardy kinds that can be grown both indoors and outdoors.
If you practice container gardening, make sure to grow them in containers that have drainage holes in the bottom, and also in soil that drains well. Keep them in a location where they will be exposed to lots of sunlight.
In case you grow them outdoors, make sure to use plastic covers or fleece to create a protective shield against cold. Cold frames and greenhouses also do the trick.
Here is yet another cool-season veggie that can be sown in November. They will germinate rather quickly in fall and survive winter without any trouble. Soon enough, peas will be ready to grow and thrive in early spring.
It’s crucial to plant them in a place that is not prone to waterlogging. They can grow just fine in both full sun and partial shade. You might also consider adding some pea companion plants nearby.
Opt for hardy varieties of peas such as ‘Kelvedon Wonder’ or ‘Meteor’ – these are ideal for fall planting. Keep in mind that you should protect them from mice as they love eating pea seeds during the colder months.
Scallions, also known as green onions or spring onions, are members of the Allium family. They are characterized by slender, hollow stems and small, onion-flavored bulbs. These versatile, fast-growing plants germinate quickly in the fall and overwinter easily.
You should choose varieties like ‘White Lisbon’ or ‘Performer’ as they are types of veggies you can grow all year round. Make sure to sow the seeds about half an inch deep – soon enough, you will have to thin seedlings about two inches apart from each other.
Green onions can be grown outdoors as well as indoors in pots or containers. Make sure that they receive enough sunlight to grow properly.
Echinops, commonly known as globe thistle, are striking perennials with spherical, spiky flower heads. These unique blooms, which resemble a blue, globe-shaped thistle, make an eye-catching addition to gardens and floral arrangements.
These unusual flowers also have distinctive fragrances that can keep deer at bay. They are usually sown in spring or fall; however, November is the last chance to sow these lovely global thistles.
First, sow them in trays and prick them out in pots when they are large enough. Plant them out when the danger of frost has passed. Also keep them undercover during the winter.
Since these are self-seeding plants, you can either pick their seeds and plant them again, or you can take plant cuttings during the dormant stage if you want to have more Echinops.
6. Fava Beans
Fava beans, also called broad beans, are cool-season legumes known for their large, flat pods containing tender, green beans. These plants are not only a delicious addition to the garden but they also fix nitrogen in the soil, benefiting other nearby plants.
Broad beans can be planted in fall or spring; however, if you plant them in November, they will give you an early harvest in May or June. What’s also great is that you can even grow them in containers!
Opt for hardy types such as ‘Aquadulce’ – this variety is ideal for November sowing. Make sure to sow them about two inches deep and nine inches apart. They should germinate quickly!
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We are ending our list with one of the prettiest flowers to sow in fall for a colorful garden!
Eryngium, commonly known as sea holly, is a striking perennial with spiky, silvery-blue bracts and small, cone-like flowers. Its unique appearance and durability make it a fantastic addition to drought-tolerant gardens and floral arrangements.
They like to be planted in fall because they need a brief period of cold to trigger germination. You can sow them directly in the ground or in pots (make sure to keep them in a cool place).
Once these flowers are established, they will just keep on coming because they self-seed. Additionally, they are rabbit repellent plants so you should definitely incorporate them in your garden if you are having issues with these garden pests.