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How To Grow Root Beer Plant

How To Grow Root Beer Plant

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Many gardeners want their outdoor space to look unique, and if you’re one of them, I have a plant that will help you achieve your goal. 

Meet the root beer plant, a captivating shrub renowned for its heart-shaped, bright green leaves with matte texture. They emit a pleasant fragrance, making the plant a perfect addition to outdoor design. 

This species also generates odd but beautiful flower spikes and this feature adds to the plant’s uniqueness. 

In this article, I’ll show you how to grow root beer plant and how to get more of these plants for free!

Before I move on, here’s some basic info about the plant. 

Botanical Name:Piper auritum
Common Names:Root beer plant, Hoya santa, Holy Mexican pepperleaf
Plant Size:Up to 10 feet
USDA Hardiness Zone:8 through 11

Let’s get started!

Planting Guide

I’ll start this journey with some tips for planting the root beer plant. Let’s see where, how, and when to plant it!

Where To Plant

There’s one thing you should do before planting a root beer plant. It’s actually considered invasive in some regions, so please check with local authorities for more information for your particular area. (1)

This plant is native to the Americas and can reach up to 20 feet tall in its natural environment. However, when grown outside its native habitat, it won’t exceed 10 feet tall and wide

So, the first thing to make sure of when selecting a location for a root beer plant is that the plant has enough room to develop healthily

Additionally, you need to find a partially shaded spot because this plant isn’t a fan of full sun. If you want to create a woodland shade garden, this plant is an excellent choice.

You can plant it near a patio or easy-to-access parts of the garden to rub the leaves for fragrance.

If you have small children or pets, then keep your root beer plant out of their reach because it contains safrole, a compound banned for consumption by the FDA. (2) 

How And When To Plant

If you live in warmer climates, you can plant your root beer plant anytime during the growing season

On the other hand, if you live in colder climates, you should plant it in spring so that it has enough time to establish until winter. 

The hole should be similar in size to the rootball of the plant. Make sure to loosen the soil after planting to encourage new growth.

Irrigate your freshly planted root beer plant and apply a layer of mulch to help the soil retain moisture. Water the soil regularly until the root ball plant is established. Consistently moist soil is key to the healthy development of this Piper plant.

Root Beer Plant Care Guide

Now it’s time for you to learn how to maintain the health and vigor of your root beer plant. 

Here’s a table with an overview of root beer plant requirements. 

Ideal Location:Partial shade
Soil Type:Fertile, moist, quick-draining
Watering Needs:Moderate to high
Fertilizer:Feed with compost

Light Requirements 

For best results, ensure partial shade for your root beer plant. It can grow in full sun but the soil drains too quickly so you’ll be holding a hose constantly. 

Full shade isn’t a suitable option for root beer plants because they will become leggy and won’t reach their full potential.

Soil And Watering Needs

These plants thrive in rich soil types that retain moisture but have good drainage. The most common sign that your root beer plant needs water is dropping foliage

It won’t tolerate even short periods of drought so make sure to check for moisture content regularly

Temperature And Humidity

If you live in zones 8 and 9, this plant will die back when temperatures drop but as soon as the spring arrives, it will display new growth.

You can grow it as an evergreen shrub if you live in warmer climates and can turn it into a small tree. 

These plants may not grow well in dry conditions because they prefer average or high humidity


There’s no need to use chemical fertilizer for root beer plants. A layer of homemade compost will do wonders for these shrubs. 

Make sure to apply it in both spring and fall to encourage healthy growth. Work it in the soil or add a layer of mulch over it to prevent it from washing away.


Root beer plants aren’t fussy when it comes to pruning. You can cut off damaged, diseased, or discolored parts for a tidy and healthy appearance. 

If your plant is taller than you like, cut down the stems to the ground. High winds may significantly damage the leaves, but the plant will send new growth quickly

Potting And Repotting

If this plant is considered invasive in your region, you can grow it in containers. The container needs to be large enough and placed in partial shade. 

This is also an excellent option for those who live in harsh climates (7 and below). Once the temperatures drop significantly, you can put the container in a warm and sunny location

The root beer plant is a fast grower and will most likely need frequent repotting. You should complete this task in spring before the growing season begins.

Common Issues

One of the things I’m sure you’re gonna like about root beer plants is that they aren’t susceptible to issues, including pests and diseases. 

It’s actually considered a pest-repellent plant and deer and insects typically don’t come near it.

How To Propagate

Root beer plants are super easy to propagate and the two most common propagation methods are rhizome division and cuttings

If you decide on the first one, simply cut off a portion of the root ball using a sharp shovel. Then transplant the portion to a desired spot, making sure it meets all the plant’s requirements.

Propagating root beer plants through cuttings is also simple. All you need to do is take a leaf cutting with a part of the main stem and put it in damp soil

Put your root beer plant cutting in a warm spot with bright indirect light, maintain soil moisture, and expect new roots in about 2 weeks. 

Best Companion Plants

Here are the plants that make perfect companions to root beer plants. 

Elephant’s Ear: These plants have massive leaves and, along with root beer plant leaves, they’ll make a perfect focal point.

Caladium: Colorful varieties will add vibrance whereas the green Caladiums will create a more subtle appearance. 

Shell Ginger: Variegated glossy foliage combines perfectly with the matte heart-shaped leaves of the root beer plant.


1. Narayanswamy, B. (2022). ‘Piper auritum’, CABI Compendium. CABI

2. 15th Report on Carcinogens. (2023, April 14). National Toxicology Program